Damage and repair mechanisms of cells and tissues essay

damage and repair mechanisms of cells and tissues essay Irritation of the cell can give critical information about the cell cycle, the damage on the dna and its repair mechanism, and what will happen to the cell in turn, since the cell is the basic unit of tissues, understanding cell damage can lead to understanding the fate of tissues composed of these same cells.

What is required for the optimal resolution of tissue damage, caused by trauma or over-use, is an exercise protocol that is specific to the soft tissue which has been damaged, the phase of recovery, controlled and carefully progressed. A) these cells live longer and don't need to undergo mitosis often b) can divide if necessary in response to injury or loss of tissue mass c) stable cells are parenchyma of most solid tissues. Mechanisms of cell injury chapter 1 cell injury, cell death, and adaptations 3 c connective tissue cells in wound healing, in which pro.

damage and repair mechanisms of cells and tissues essay Irritation of the cell can give critical information about the cell cycle, the damage on the dna and its repair mechanism, and what will happen to the cell in turn, since the cell is the basic unit of tissues, understanding cell damage can lead to understanding the fate of tissues composed of these same cells.

Cell damage (also known as cell injury) is a variety or changes of stress that a cell suffers due to external as well internal environmental changesamong other causes, this can be due to physical, chemical, infectious, biological, nutritional or immunological factors. Chapter 1: cells and tissues after exposure of a eukaryotic cell to ultraviolet light, damage to the dna is detected and repair mechanisms upregulated describe. • repair of damaged tissues occurs by two types of reactions: regeneration by proliferation of residual (uninjured) cells and maturation of tissue stem cells • deposition of connective tissue to form a scar.

Watson (2009) states …capillaries in the region of the tissue damage bud and grow towards the repair zone blood flow through the region is re-established, providing oxygen and nutrients while removing metabolic waste products. Inflammation inflammation is a complex response of vascular tissue that is triggered by harmful stimuli through isolation of the damaged area and promoting repair of surrounding tissue, the inflammatory process protects the body. There are two main ways radiation can damage dna inside living cells radiation can strike the dna molecule directly, ionizing and damaging it alternately, radiation can ionize water molecules, producing free radicals that react with and damage dna molecules.

The advent of mesenchymal stem cell (msc)-based therapies for clinical therapeutics has been an exciting and new innovation for the treatment of a variety of diseases associated with inflammation, tissue damage, and subsequent regeneration and repair. Normal cell these extra cells form a mass of tissue that is a tumor sometimes dna repair mechanisms fail, and the mutation is more about essay on how cancer. Most of the repair mechanisms are carried out by the type ii alveoli cells, pores of kohn and mesenchymal cells type ii cells generally repair the damaged type i cells by migrating to the affected area, proliferating to new type ii cells and then act as a progenitor cell for the production of type i cells. In fact, there is evidence to suggest that within many of our tissues and organs live a relatively small number of adult stem cells that can repair or replace tissues and parts of organs damaged by injury or disease. Beyond the stem cell, three other types of cells are critical to the process of tissue repair: fibroblasts, endothelial cells and macrophages in most wounds, complete replacement of wounded tissue to its original, unharmed state is impossible.

One mechanism by which stem cells might repair damaged tissue is by means of differentiation of the stem cells into tissue-specific cell types [18, 19] others have suggested that stem cells fuse with host cells in order to replace damaged tissue [ 20 , 21 . Wound healing wound healing is the process by which the skin, or any injured organ, repairs itself after injury the main aim of wound healing is to prevent or limit further damage, to clean and seal the wound against infection, to restore tissue strength, and, if possible, tissue function. Development of radiobiological damage • cell cycle • typically normal tissue repair mechanisms are much more the four rs of radiobiology. Dna is a nucleic acid that has the genetic instructions which all living organisms use to function except for rna viruses oxidative stress on the other hand is a discrepancy between the production of reactive oxygen species and an organism's ability to biologically facilitate detoxification or repair the resultant damage.

Damage and repair mechanisms of cells and tissues essay

Repairing damaged tissues decades of research into nerve physiology, ms tissue damage and the biology of glial cells - the numerous brain cells that support nerve cells - have laid the groundwork for finding ways to restore normal function in individuals with ms. This is usually to help replace or repair damaged cells or tissues, but can also be used to prevent damage from happening in the first place researchers believe that stem cells may, one day, be used to treat ms, but research into stem cells is still at the very early stages and there are currently no approved stem cell therapies for ms. Wound healing is a complex process in which the skin, and the tissues under it, repair themselves after injury in this article, wound healing is depicted in a discrete timeline of physical attributes (phases) constituting the post-trauma repairing process.

  • New type of tissue develops in place of old tissue, evenutally causing scarring and loss of some tissue functions tissue repair the substitution of viable cells for dead cells.
  • Mechanisms of neuronal repair following nerve damage 2370 words | 10 pages a major site of injury that puts many essential neurons at risk is the spinal cord, which contains many neurons essential for proper motor functionality.

Sensitive techniques are now available to study repair of uv damage at the level of nucleotide resolution in mammalian cells with the aid of in vitro systems, the entire nucleotide excision repair process has been reconstituted from purified protein components with naked dna as a substrate. Cell - cell division and growth: in unicellular organisms, cell division is the means of reproduction in multicellular organisms, it is the means of tissue growth and maintenance survival of the eukaryotes depends upon interactions between many cell types, and it is essential that a balanced distribution of types be maintained. The ultimate targets of this highly regulated dna damage response include mechanisms for dna repair, and although much of dna repair is constitutive, a number of regulatory connections between the dna damage response pathway and dna repair have emerged. Satellite cells can regenerate muscle fibers to a very limited extent, but they primarily help to repair damage in living cells if a cell is damaged to a greater extent than can be repaired by satellite cells, the muscle fibers are replaced by scar tissue in a process called fibrosis.

damage and repair mechanisms of cells and tissues essay Irritation of the cell can give critical information about the cell cycle, the damage on the dna and its repair mechanism, and what will happen to the cell in turn, since the cell is the basic unit of tissues, understanding cell damage can lead to understanding the fate of tissues composed of these same cells. damage and repair mechanisms of cells and tissues essay Irritation of the cell can give critical information about the cell cycle, the damage on the dna and its repair mechanism, and what will happen to the cell in turn, since the cell is the basic unit of tissues, understanding cell damage can lead to understanding the fate of tissues composed of these same cells. damage and repair mechanisms of cells and tissues essay Irritation of the cell can give critical information about the cell cycle, the damage on the dna and its repair mechanism, and what will happen to the cell in turn, since the cell is the basic unit of tissues, understanding cell damage can lead to understanding the fate of tissues composed of these same cells.
Damage and repair mechanisms of cells and tissues essay
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